Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.353, No.4, 1097-1104, 2007
BMP-4 treatment of C3H10T1/2 stem cells blocks expression of MMP-3 and MMP-13
Microarray gene expression profiling was used to identify bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) responsive factors involved in late stages of adipocyte commitment in C3H10T1/2 cells. The analysis revealed that the matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) gene decreased 100-fold after BMP-4 treatment, and expression of MMP-13 decreased 19.5-fold. Uncommitted C3H10T1/2 cells exhibit dramatic upregulation of MMP-3 and MMP-13 genes as cells become confluent. Real-time RT-PCR demonstrated that BMP-4 blocks expression of both transcripts. Likewise, a stable committed preadipocyte line derived from C3H10T1/2 cells did not express MMP-3 or MMP-13 at confluence, despite never receiving BMP-4. Active forms of both proteins were detected in media from confluent C3H10T1/2 cells but not in BMP-4 treated cells. Addition of BMP-4 to confluent C3H10T1/2 cells repressed the expression of both genes but did not induce adipocyte differentiation. The findings indicate that BMP-4-induced down-regulation of MMP-3 and MMP-13 is associated with commitment, but is insufficient to induce adipogenesis. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords:adipogenesis;bone morphogenetic protein-4;C3H10T1/2;commitment;extracellular matrix;matrix metalloproteinase;stem cell;preadipocyte