Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.353, No.4, 915-920, 2007
Dual inhibition of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase by human haptoglobin: Its polymorphism and relation to hemoglobin binding
Haptoglobin (Hp) binds hemoglobin (Hb) specifically and stoichiometrically. Since Hb stimulates prostaglandin (PG biosynthesis), we investigated if Hp effects arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism. The results showed that Hp (50-250 mu g protein) inhibited the biosynthesis of PGs via cyclooxygenase (COX) and 12-HETE via lipoxygenase pathway in human platelets. Additional evidence was obtained by the loss of Hp inhibitory activity upon removal of Hp by affinity chromatography on hernoglobin sepharose and by inhibition of AA or bradykinin-induced bronchoconstriction in the guinea pig. Hb reduced the inhibitory effect of Hp in a concentration-related manner such that all its inhibitory activity was lost when completely bound by Hb. Of the three Hp phenotypes, Hp 1-1 showed maximum binding capacity to Hb indicating its greater protective role. These findings implicate Hp in the regulation of COX and lipoxygenase pathways and show Hp involvement in the body's endogenous defense system against inflammation. This indicates that mammals have dual defense system, i.e., a specific immune system and non-specific Hp defense system. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.