Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.353, No.3, 713-718, 2007
Musclin gene expression is strongly related to fast-glycolytic phenotype
Musclin has been described as a muscle-derived secretory peptide, responsive to insulin in vivo, and inducing insulin resistance in vitro. Because muscle fibers display very different metabolic properties and insulin sensitivity, we tested the hypothesis that musclin expression could depend on myofiber type. Musclin mRNA was detected at high level in fast gastrocnemius and plantaris muscles, but only as traces in soleus, a slow-twitch muscle. A single fiber analysis showed that musclin was produced by muscle fibers themselves, almost exclusively type IIb fibers. Slow to fast transition of soleus phenotype after hindlimb suspension increased musclin mRNA levels, whereas fast to slow transition of plantaris phenotype after functional overload decreased musclin mRNA levels. This clearly suggests that musclin transcription is strongly related to fast-glycolytic phenotype. We conclude that musclin is produced by myocytes in a highly fiber-type specific manner and that physiological changes in type IIb MHC lead to coordinated musclin expression. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.