Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.353, No.3, 623-627, 2007
Obesity-induced upregulation of myocardial endothelin-1 expression is mediated by leptin
Several studies have shown that leptin, the product of the obese gene, may link obesity with cardiovascular diseases, and in particular with cardiac hypertrophy. In vitro studies suggest that the mechanism by which leptin causes cardiac hypertrophy involves the upregulation of endogenous endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor and mitogen. Whether obesity-associated hyperleptinemia causes an increase in myocardial ET-1 expression in vivo remains unclear. To address this issue, we fed mice with a high-fat diet and analyzed serum levels of ET-1 and ET-1 mRNA in the heart. We found that in mice fed a high-fat diet, serum ET-1, myocardial ET-1, leptin and leptin receptor mRNA were all elevated. In contrast, in leptin-deficient obese (ob/ob) mice, both serum and myocardial ET-1 levels were not higher than in wild type mice. These findings suggest that upregulation of myocardial ET-1 by obesity is mediated by leptin. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.