Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.353, No.1, 152-158, 2007
Involvement of integrins, MAPK, and NF-kappa B in regulation of the shear stress-induced MMP-9 expression in endothelial cells
Variations in the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 gene are related to the presence and severity of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine the signaling pathways of MMP-9 in endothelial cells subjected to low fluid shear stress. We found that low fluid shear stress significantly increased MMP-9 expression, I kappa B alpha degradation, NF-kappa B DNA-binding activity and phosphorylation of MAPK in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Inhibition of NF-kappa B resulted in remarkable downregulation of stress-induced MMP-9 expression. Pretreatment of HUVECs with inhibitors of p38 mitogen-activating protein kinase (MAPK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) also led to significant suppression of stress-induced MMP-9 expression and NF-kappa B DNA-binding activity. Similarly, addition of integrins inhibitor to HUVECs suppressed the stress-induced MMP-9 expression, I kappa B alpha degradation, NF-kappa B DNA-binding activity and the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, ERK1/2. Our findings demonstrated that the shear stress-induced MMP-9 expression involved integrins-p38 MAPK or ERK1/2-NF-kappa B signaling pathways. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.