Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.352, No.2, 444-448, 2007
Osteoclast formation is strongly reduced both in vivo and in vitro in the absence of CD47/SIRP alpha-interaction
Physical interaction between the cell surface receptors CD47 and signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRP alpha) was reported to regulate cell migration, phagocytosis, cytokine production, and macrophage fusion. However, it is unclear if the CD47/SIRP alpha-interaction can also regulate macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B ligand (RANKL)-stimulated formation of osteoclasts. Here, we show that functional blocking antibodies to either CD47 or SIRP alpha strongly reduced formation of multinucleated tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)(+) osteoclasts in cultures of murine hematopoietic cells, stimulated in vitro by M-CSF and RANKL. In addition, the numbers of osteoclasts formed in M-CSF/RANKL-stimulated bone marrow macrophage cultures from CD47(-/-) mice were strongly reduced, and bones of CD47(-/-) mice exhibited significantly reduced osteoclast numbers, as compared with wild-type controls. We conclude that the CD47/SIRP alpha interaction is important for M-CSF/RANKL-stimulated osteoclast formation both in vivo and in vitro, and that absence of CD47 results in decreased numbers of osteoclasts in CD47(-/-) mice. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.