Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.351, No.3, 739-744, 2006
A novel ethylene receptor homolog gene isolated from ethylene-insensitive flowers of gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflora hort.)
Gladiolus is an ethylene insensitive flower whose exogenous ethylene and ethylene inhibitors have no effect on the petal senescence process. To study which processes in gladiolus are associated with changes in ethylene perception, two types of gladiolus genes, named GgERS1a and GgERS1b, respectively, homologous to the Arabidopsis ethylene receptor gene ERS1 were isolated. GgERS1a is conserved in terms of exon numbers and intron positions, whereas GgERS1b is almost same with GgERS1a except lacking 636 nucleotide encoding first and second histidine kinase (HisKA) motifs. The sequence data on full length genomic DNA indicated that both GgERS1a and b were spliced from different genomic DNA. As the result of mRNA expression study, in spite of lacking the two significant motifs, the expression of GgERS1b dramatically changed with advance in petal senescence, whereas the level of GgERS1a expressed highly and constitutively. The result suggests that both the genes possess a significant role for the subfunctionalization process to provide ethylene insensitivity in gladiolus flowers. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.