Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.351, No.3, 733-738, 2006
Cholesteryl ester hydroperoxides increase macrophage CD36 gene expression via PPAR alpha
The uptake of oxidized LDL by macrophages is a key event in the development of atherosclerosis. The scavenger receptor CD36 is one major receptor that internalizes oxidized LDL. In differentiated human macrophages, we compared the regulation of CD36 expression by copper-oxidized LDL or their products. Only oxidized derivatives of cholesteryl ester (CEOOH) increased the amount of CD36 mRNA (2.5-fold). Both oxidized LDL and CEOOH treatment increased two to fourfold the transcription of promoters containing peroxisome-pro liferator-activated-receptor responsive elements (PPRE) in the presence of PPAR alpha or gamma. Electrophoretic-mobility-shift-assays with nuclear extracts prepared from macrophages treated by either oxidized LDL or CEOOH showed increased binding of PPARa to the CD36 gene promoter PPRE. In conclusion, CEOOH present in oxidized LDL increase CD36 gene expression in a pathway involving PPAR alpha. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.