Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.349, No.2, 564-572, 2006
Adenovirus-mediated transfer of siRNA against Runx2/Cbfa1 inhibits the formation of heterotopic ossification in animal model
The heterotopic ossification of muscles, tendons, and ligaments is a common problem faced by orthopaedic surgeons. Runx2/Cbfa1 plays an essential role during the osteoblast differentiation and is considered as a molecular switch in osteoblast biology. RNA interference technology is a powerful tool for silencing endogenous or exogenous genes in mammalian cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of Runx2/Cbfa1-specific siRNA on osteoblast differentiation and mineralization in osteoblastic cells, and then constructed adenovirus containing siRNA against Runx2/Cbfa1 (Ad-Runx2-siRNA) to inhibit the formation of heterotopic ossification induced by BMP4, dernineralized bone matrix, and trauma in animal model. Our results showed that the Runx2/Cbfa1-specific siRNA could inhibit the expression of Runx2/Cbfa1 at the level of mRNA and protein. Analysis of the expression of osteoblast maturation genes including type I collagen, osteopontin, bone sialoprotein, and osteocalcin, alkaline phosphatase activity, and matrix mineralization (von kossa) revealed that osteoblast differentiation was inhibited in cultured primary mouse osteoblasts transduced with Ad-Runx2-siRNA. Furthermore, adenovirus-mediated transfer of siRNA against Runx2/Cbfa1 could inhibit the formation of heterotopic ossification induced by BMP4, dernineralized bone matrix, and trauma in animal model. It is likely that the inhibition of Runx2/Cbfa1 by RNAi could be developed as a powerful approach to prevent or treat heterotopic ossification. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.