Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.347, No.1, 266-272, 2006
TSAd interacts with Smad2 and Smad3
Smad-dependent signalling initiated by TGFP superfamily members can be modulated by a variety of interacting proteins. Using yeast two-hybrid, co-immunoprecipitation, and GST pull-down assays we identified T-cell SH2 adapter (TSAd) as a protein that interacts with Smad2 and Smad3. TSAd is an adapter protein thought to participate in many different signalling pathways. The objective of this study was to elucidate the domains important for interaction between TSAd and Smad proteins. Our results suggest a model for TSAd-Smad interaction that is facilitated by multiple TSAd domains, but primarily through the TSAd type I SH2 domain. Interestingly, we also found that both Smad2 and Smad3 interact with the Lck type I SH2 domain, but not the PI3K type III SH2 domain. This research raises the possibility that interaction between SH2-containing proteins and Smad proteins may represent another method to modulate Smad-dependent signalling. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.