Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.344, No.3, 814-820, 2006
Modulation of functional properties of KCNQI channel by association of KCNE1 and KCNE2
The KCNE proteins (KCNE1 through KCNE5) function as beta-subunits of several voltage-gated K+ channels. Assembly of KCNQ1 K+ channel alpha-subunits and KCNE1 underlies cardiac I-Ks, while KCNQ1 interacts with all other members of KCNE forming complexes with different properties. Here we investigated synergic actions of KCNE1 and KCNE2 on functional properties of KCNQ1 heterologously expressed in COS7 cells. Patch-clamp recordings from cells expressing KCNQ1 and KCNE1 exhibited the slowly activating current, while co-expression of KCNQ1 with KCNE2 produced a practically time-independent current. When KCNQ1 was co-expressed with both of KCNE1 and KCNE2, the membrane current exhibited a voltage- and time-dependent current whose characteristics differed substantially from those of the KCNQ1/KCNE1 current. The KCNQ1/KCNE1/KCNE2 current had a more depolarized activation voltage, a faster deactivation kinetics, and a less sensitivity to activation by mefenamic acid. These results suggest that KCNE2 can functionally couple to KCNQ1 even in the presence of KCNE1. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.