Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.344, No.2, 562-570, 2006
Effect of short-term and long-term fasting on transcriptional regulation of metabolic genes in rat tissues
Ninety-eight genes/ESTs with differential expressions in epididymal adipose tissue of fed and 3-day fasting (F3) rats were identified by microarray analysis. Genes for lipogenesis, glycolysis, and glucose aerobic oxidation were decreased in response to starvation. Further study was performed to investigate the expression patterns of these genes in rat tissues after short- and long-term starvations. The results of the increased expression of the pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) gene and decreased pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) in rat muscle together with decreased fatty acid synthase (FAS) in rat adipose tissue after I day of fasting (F1) Suggested front transcriptional level that glucose aerobic oxidation was down-regulated in rat muscle and synthesis of saturated fatty acids was inhibited in rat adipose tissue after short-term fasting. It was noted that the transcriptions of genes involved in the fatty acid oxidation, such as very-long-chain Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAH), Acyl-CoA oxidase (ACO), carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1), and carntine-acylcarnitine translocase(CAT)L, were greatly increased in F1 rat liver, then began to decrease in F3 and 5-day fasting (F5) rat liver, combined with significantly increased serum non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) in F1 rats and increased urea in F5 rats, suggesting that inhibition of the oxidation of lipid and not the decreased availability of these fuels may play an important role in the phase II-phase III of fasting transition in the long-term fasting rats. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.