Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.342, No.3, 979-983, 2006
Serum-induced expression of metallothionein isoforms in K-562 cells
The metallothionein (NIT) expression was studied in the hematopoietic precursor cell line K-562, after serum deprivation and reconstitution of the cells in medium with 10% (v/v) FCS. Serum deprivation for 72 h markedly downregulated the MT mRNA expression, only the isoforms most abundant in normal K-562 cells were clearly detectable. Within 1-1.5 h after serum supplementation however, a definite induction of NIT mRNA was noticed, and all isoforms were induced. Forty-eight hours after serum stimulation, the MT mRNA expression of all isoforms decreased again. Also MT protein levels increased twofold 24 h after serum stimulation. These results suggest that MT has a function in the re-entry of resting cells into the cell cycle, this function however could not be assigned to a specific MT isoform. The induction of MT after serum stimulation was independent of protein synthesis, but dependent on phosphorylation. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Inc.