Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.342, No.1, 336-341, 2006
AMP-activated protein kinase is a positive regulator of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase
AMPK acts as a cellular fuel gauge and responds to decreased cellular energy status by inhibiting ATP-consuming pathways and increasing ATP-synthesis. The aim of this study was to examine the role of AMPK in modulating poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a nuclear enzyme involved in maintaining chromatin structure and DNA repair. HT-29 cells infected with constitutively active AMPK demonstrated increased PARP automodification and an increase in bioNAD incorporation. AMPK and PARP co-immunoprecipitated under basal conditions and in response to H2O2 suggesting a physical interaction under both resting and stress-induced conditions. Incubation of PARP with purified AMPK resulted in the phosphorylation of PARP; and the inclusion of AMP as an AMPK activator potentiated PARP phosphorylation. Using immobilized PARP, the incorporation of bioNAD by PARP was dramatically increased following the addition of AMPK. These data suggest a novel role for AMPK in regulating PARP activity through a direct interaction involving phosphorylation. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.