Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.338, No.4, 1943-1949, 2005
IL-6 modulates hepatocyte proliferation via induction of HGF/p21(cip1): Regulation by SOCS3
The precise role of IL-6 in liver regeneration and hepatocyte proliferation is controversial and the role of SOCS3 in liver regeneration remains unknown. Here we show that in vitro treatment with IL-6 inhibited primary mouse hepatocyte proliferation. IL-6 induced p21(cip1) protein expression in primary mouse hepatocytes. Disruption of the p21(cio1) gene abolished the inhibitory effect of IL-6 on cell proliferation. Co-culture with nonparenchymal liver cells diminished IL-6 inhibition of hepatocyte proliferation, which was likely due to IL-6 stimulation of nonparenchymal cells to produce HGF. Finally, IL-6 induced higher levels of p21(cip1) protein expression and a slightly stronger inhibition of cell proliferation in SOCS3(+/-) mouse hepatocytes compared to wild-type hepatocytes, while liver regeneration was enhanced and prolonged in SOCS3(+/-) mice. Our findings suggest that IL-6 directly inhibits hepatocyte proliferation via a p21(cip1)-dependent mechanism and indirectly enhances hepatocyte proliferation via stimulating nonparenchymal cells to produce HGF. SOCS3 negatively regulates liver regeneration. Published by Elsevier Inc.