Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.338, No.3, 1572-1577, 2005
Ciliary neurotrophic factor promotes inactivation of muscle Ca2+ channels via PKC
The actions of the ciliary neurotrophic Factor (CNTF) were assessed on adult mouse skeletal muscle L-type Ca2+ currents and on Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum. Currents were measured with the whole cell patch clamp technique. Ca2+ signals in response to single action potentials were recorded with Fluo3-AM. CNTF (20 ng/ml) reversibly reduced the amplitude of Ca2+ channel currents by 50% within 15 min. In addition, CNTF greatly increased the rate of inactivation during depolarizing pulses and shifted the steady state inactivation Curve by -12 mV. The effects of CNTF were mimicked by the PKC activator PMA and prevented by the PKC-inhibitor chelerythrine. In contrast to the effects on the Ca2+ conductance, charge movement and Ca2+ signals remained unaffected by CNTF. These results Suggest that CNTF can rapidly decrease muscle Ca2+ channel Currents by promoting inactivation, probably through an intracellular PKC-dependent mechanism. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.