Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.338, No.3, 1460-1466, 2005
A role of opening of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels in the infarct size-limiting effect of ischemic preconditioning via activation of protein kinase C in the canine heart
The opening of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (mitoK(ATP)) channels triggers or mediates the infarct size (IS)-limiting effect of ischemic preconditioning (IP). Because ecto-5'-nucleotidase related to IP is activated by PKC, we tested whether the opening of mitoK(ATP) channels activates PKC and contributes to either activation of ecto-5'-nucleotidase or IS-limiting effect. In dogs, IP procedure decreased IS and activated ecto-5'-nucleotidase, both of which were mimicked by transient exposure to either cromakalim or diazoxide, and these effects were blunted by either GF109203X (a PKC inhibitor) or 5-hydroxydecanoate (a mitoKATP channel blocker), but not by HMR1098 (a surface sarcolenmal K-ATP channel blocker). Either crornakalim or diazoxide activated both PKC and ecto-5-nucleotidase, which was blunted by either GF109203X or 5-hydroxydecanoate, but not by HMR-1098. We concluded that the opening of mitoK(ATP) channels contributes to either activation of ecto-5'-nucleotidase or the infarct size-limiting effect via activation of PKC in canine hearts. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.