Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.336, No.4, 1251-1258, 2005
Cloning of the human TASK-2 (KCNK5) promoter and its regulation by chronic hypoxia
The tandem P domain potassium channel family includes five members of the acid-sensing subfamily, TASK. TASK channels are active at resting potential and are inhibited by extracellular protons, suggesting they function as acid sensors and control excitability/ ion homeostasis. Indeed, TASK-2 (KCNK5) has been shown to control excitability, volume regulation, bicarbonate handling, and apoptosis in a variety of tissues. With such diverse functions being ascribed to TASK-2, it is important to understand long-term as well as short-term regulation of this important channel. Thus, we have cloned the TASK-2 promoter, demonstrated that its transcriptional activity is dependent upon pO(2), shown that deletion of overlapping consensus binding sites for NF-kappa B/Elk-1 ablates this O-2 sensitivity, and proved that Elk-1 binds preferentially to this site. Furthermore, the consequences of chronic hypoxia on natively expressed TASK-2 are decreased steady-state mRNA and cell depolarization showing that TASK-2 contributes to the excitability of this important lung cell type. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.