Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.334, No.1, 199-206, 2005
A novel function of transcription factor alpha-Pal/NRF-1: Increasing neurite outgrowth
alpha-Pal/NRF-1 is a critical regulator of the promoter of human IAP/CD47 gene, a gene related to memory formation in rodents. However, its function in neurons was unknown. We found that stable or transient expression of full-length alpha-Pal/NRF-1 in human neuroblastoma IMR-32 cells significantly induced neurite outgrowth and increased the length of neurites both in medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum and in serum-free medium. In contrast, the dominant-negative mutant of alpha-Pal/NRF-1 inhibited the induction and extension of neurites. Ectopic expression of full-length alpha-Pal/NRF-1 also increased the induction of neurite outgrowth in primary mouse cortical neurons. The IAP antisense cDNA significantly inhibited the increase of neurite outgrowth by alpha-Pal/NRF-1. These findings indicate that a novel function of alpha-Pal/NRF-1 is to regulate neuronal differentiation, and that this function is mediated partly via its downstream IAP gene. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.