Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.334, No.1, 16-22, 2005
Human Yip1A specifies the localization of Yif1 to the Golgi apparatus
Yip1p and Yif1p are essential for transport from ER to Golgi stack during the early secretory pathway in budding yeast. Here, we report the identification and characterization of human Yif1. Sequence analysis revealed that human Yif1 (HsYif1), like most of the other YIP1 protein family members, contains multiple transmembrane segments. Double immunofluorescence study revealed codistribution of HsYif1 with Golgi marker such as GS27. To delineate the function of HsYif1, we conducted a yeast two-hybrid assay and identified an interaction between human HsYif1 and HsYip1A, a homolog of yeast Yip1. In addition, our immunoprecipitation pull-down assay validates the interaction between HsYif1 and HsYip1A. Moreover, our immunofluorescence study demonstrates the co-distribution of HsYif1 and HsYip1A. Significantly, over-expression of mutant HsYip1A-lacked cytosolic region disrupts the localization of HsYif1 to the Golgi, suggesting that HsYip1A specifies the localization of HsYif1 to the Golgi. Therefore, we conclude that human Yip1A interacts with and determines the localization of HsYifI to the Golgi apparatus. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.