Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.332, No.1, 297-303, 2005
Molecular markers distinguish bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells from fibroblasts
To characterize mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), we compared gene expression profiles in human bone marrow MSC (11 lines) and human fibroblasts (4 lines) by RT-PCR and real time PCR. Messenger RNA levels of MHC-DR-alpha, MHC-DR-beta, MHC-DR-associated protein CD74. tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2, and neuroserpin were much higher in MSC than in fibroblasts, even in the presence of large interindividual variations. Those of adrenomedullin, apolipoprotein D, C-type lectin superfamily member-2, collagen type XV alpha 1, CUG triplet repeat RNA-binding protein, matrix metalloproteinase-1, protein tyrosine kinase-7, and Sam68-like phosphotyrosine protein/T-STAR were lower in MSC than in fibroblasts. FACS analysis showed that cell surface expression of MHC-DR was also higher in MSC than in fibroblasts. MHC-DR expression decreased after osteogenic differentiation, whereas the expression of adrenomedullin-a potent stimulator of osteoblast activity-along with collagen XV alpha 1 and apolipoprotein D increased after osteogenic differentiation. The marker genes identified in this Study should be useful for characterization of MSC both in basic and clinical studies. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.