화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.326, No.1, 147-153, 2005
S100A4 inhibition by RNAi up-regulates osteoblast related genes in periodontal ligament cells
Periodontal ligament (PDL) is a thin fibrous connective tissue located between alveolar bone and cementum that remains unmineralized physiologically. It is thus thought that PDL cells possess mechanisms to inhibit mineralization. It has been demonstrated that S100A4, a member of the S100 calcium-binding protein family, is synthesized and secreted by PDL cells, and that it may act as an inhibitor of mineralization. However, the mechanisms of action of S100A4 in mineralization have not been thoroughly clarified. In the present study we investigated the effects of S100A4 inhibition by a short interfering RNA (siRNA) on the expression of osteoblast related genes by human PDL cells. Inhibition of S100A4 by siRNA resulted in increased expression of ostcoblastic markers such as osteopontin and osteocalcin, and the osteoblast-specific transcription factors, Runx2/Cbfa1 and Osterix. These results indicate that S100A4 suppresses the expression of osteoblastic genes in PDL cells and may thus inhibit mineralization in the PDL. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.