Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.326, No.1, 115-122, 2005
Neural precursor cells differentiated from mouse embryonic stem cells relieve symptomatic motor behavior in a rat model of Parkinson's disease
Pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells are the most versatile cells, with the potential to differentiate into all types of cell lineages including neural precursor cells (NPCs), which can be expanded in large numbers for significant periods of time to provide a reliable cell source for transplantation in neurodegenerative disorders Such as Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, we used the MESPU35 mouse ES cell line, which expresses enhanced green fluorescent protein that enables one to distinguish between transplanted cells and cells of host origin. Embryoid bodies (EBs) were formed and were induced to NPCs in N2 selection medium plus fibronectin. Praxiology and immunohistochemistry methods were used to observe the survival, differentiation, and therapeutic effect of NPCs after grafted into the striatum of PD rats. We found that mouse ESc were differentiated into nestin-positive NPCs 6 days after the EBs formed and cultured in the N2 selection medium. The number of survival NPCs was increased significantly by fibronectin. About 23.76 +/- 2.29% of remaining cells were tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive 12 days after NPCs were cultured in N2 selective medium. The survival rates of NPCs were 2.10 +/- 0.41% and about 90.90 +/- 3.00% of the engrafted NPCs were TH-positive 6 weeks after transplantation into the striatum of PD rats. The rotation of PD rats was relieved 3 weeks after the NPCs transplantation and this effect was kept for at least 6 weeks. It suggests that most of the survival NPCs derived from ES cells differentiated into TH-positive neurons after grafted into the striatum of PD rats, which produces therapeutic effect on PD. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.