Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.326, No.1, 45-51, 2005
Deficiency of inducible nitric oxide synthase exacerbates hepatic fibrosis in mice fed high-fat diet
The role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the progression of fibrosis during nonalcoholic steatohepatitis remains to be elucidated. This study examined the role of iNOS in the progression of fibrosis during steatohepatitis by comparing iNOS knockout (iNOS(-/-)) and wild-type (iNOS(+/+)) mice that were fed a high-fat diet. Severe fatty metamorphosis developed in the liver of mice. Gelatin zymography showed that pro MMP-2 iNOS(+/+) and iNOS(-/-) mice. Fibrotic changes were marked in iNOS and pro MMP-9 protein expressions were more highly induced in iNOS(+/+) mice than in iNOS-1- mice. Active forms of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were clearly present only in the liver tissue of iNOS(+/+) mice. In situ zymography showed strong gelatinolytic activities in the liver tissue of iNOS(+/+) mice, but only spotty activity in iNOS(-/-) mice. iNOS may attenuate the progression of liver fibrosis in steatohepatitis, in part by inducing MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression and augmenting their activity. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rielits reserved.