Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.324, No.2, 627-633, 2004
The roles of amino acid residues at positions 43 and 45 in microsomal contents and enzymatic functions of rat CYP2D1 and CYP2D2
The effects of the substitution of amino acid residues at positions 43 and 45 of rat CYP2D1 and CYP2D2 on their microsomal contents and enzymatic functions were examined. The substitution of Val-45 of CYP2D1 by glycine decreased the microsomal content. whereas the substitution of Gly-45 of CYP2D2 by valine increased. The substitution of Leu-43 of CYP2D2 by tryptophan also increased the microsomal protein content. In reduced CO-difference spectra, CYP2D2 showed a P420 peak as well as a P450 peak, whereas CYP2D1 gave only a P450 peak. The substitution of Leu-43 and Gly-45 of CYP2D2 by valine and tryptophan, respectively, markedly decreased the P420 peak in parallel with an increase in P450 content. These substitutions did not cause remarkable changes in drug oxidation capacities (bufuralol 1"-hydroxylation and debrisoquine 4-hydroxylation) of the recombinant enzymes in terms of nmol/min/nmol CYP. The results indicate that amino acid residues at positions 43 and 45 are important for anchoring of the rat CYP2D proteins and their stabilities in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.