Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.323, No.1, 323-331, 2004
Functional expression of TREK-2 in insulin-secreting MIN6 cells
Insulin secretion from pancreatic P cells is partly regulated by cell membrane potential. Background K+ channels that stabilize the resting membrane potential would suppress excitability and insulin secretion. Recent studies show that members of the two-pore domain K+ (K-2P) channel family behave as background K+ channels in many excitable cells. Therefore, the expression of K2P channels was studied in insulin-secreting MIN6 cells. Reverse transcriptase PCR showed that, among nine K2P channels tested, TASK4, TASK-2, TASK-3, TREK-2, and TRESK-2 were expressed in MIN6 cells. Cell-attached recordings on MIN6 cells revealed five types of K+ channels that were open at rest. Two were ATP-sensitive and Ca2+-activated K+ channels, as judged by their sensitivity to ATP and Ca2+, respectively, and single-channel conductance. Among five K2P channels, only TREK-2 could be clearly identified in MIN6 cells. The molecular identity of two other K+ channels is not yet known. TREK-2 in MIN6 cells was activated by arachidome acid, membrane stretch, and low pH solution (pH 5.8). Arachidonic acid increased Ba2+-sensitive whole-cell current in MIN6 cell. These results suggest that TREK-2 contributes to the background K+ conductance in MIN6 cells, and may regulate depolarization-induced secretion of insulin. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.