Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.322, No.2, 700-704, 2004
Direct demonstration of involvement of the adaptor protein ShcA in the regulation of Ca2+-induced platelet aggregation
Platelet aggregation is mediated by conformational change of integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3). Tyrosine-phosphorylation of cytoplasmic domain of beta(3) upon platelet activation has been demonstrated to play a critical role in this process. Recently, the adaptor protein ShcA has been shown to bind to the tyrosine-phosphorylated beta(3), while it remains open whether SheA plays any role in platelet aggregation. Here, we show that ShcA bound to tyrosine-phosphorylated beta(3)-tail peptide through its phosphotyrosine-binding domain in vitro. Then, we examined the involvement of ShcA in platelet aggregation by a previously established in vitro assay using platelets permeabilized with streptolysin-O, where exogenous addition of platelet cytosol is required for reconstitution of the Ca2+-induced aggregation. When ShcA was specifically depleted with anti-ShcA antibody from the cytosol, this ShcA-depleted cytosol lost the aggregation-supporting activity, which was rescued by addition of purified recombinant ShcA. Thus, ShcA is essential for the Ca2+-induced platelet aggregation. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.