Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.322, No.2, 458-464, 2004
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ligands, 15-deoxy-Delta 12,14-prostagiandin J2, and ciglitazone, induce growth inhibition and cell cycle arrest in hepatic oval cells
There is growing evidence to show that hepatic oval cells contribute to liver regeneration, dysplastic nodule formation, and hepato-carcinogenesis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) and their ligands play an important role in cell growth, inflammatory responses, and liver pathogenesis including fibrosis and cancer. However, little is known about the role of PPARgamma/ its ligands in the growth and differentiation of hepatic oval cells. In this study, we found that OC15-5, a rat hepatic oval cell line, expressed PPARgamma at mRNA and protein levels, and a natural ligand for PPARgamma, 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), and a synthetic ligand, ciglitazone, inhibited growth of OC15-5 cells by arresting at G1-S in a dose-dependent manner. Apoptosis was also induced in OC15-5 cells by 15d-PGJ2 treatment. In OC15-5 cells treated with 15d-PGJ2, the expression of CDK inhibitor, p27(Kip1), was up-regulated, while that of p21(WAF1/Cip1), p18(INK4C) CDK2, CDK4, and cyclin E was unchanged. In addition, delayed up-regulation of AFP expression was observed in OC15-5 cells after 15d-PGJ2 or ciglitazone treatment. This is the first report to show that the PPARgamma ligand was involved in the growth, cell cycle, and differentiation of hepatic oval cells, raising the possibility that the PPARgamma ligands may regulate liver regeneration and hepato-carcinogenesis. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.