Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.322, No.1, 310-319, 2004
Atrial natriuretic peptide inhibits cardiomyocyte hypertrophy through mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1
Cardiac hypertrophy is formed in response to hemodynamic overload. Although a variety of factors such as catecholamines, angiotensin II (AngII), and endothelin-1 (ET-1) have been reported to induce cardiac hypertrophy, little is known regarding the factors that inhibit the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Production of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is increased in the hypertrophied heart and ANP has recently been reported to inhibit the growth of various cell types. We therefore examined whether ANP inhibits the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Pretreatment of cultured cardiomyocytes with ANP inhibited the AngII- or ET-1-induced increase in the cell size and the protein synthesis. ANP also inhibited the AngII- or ET-1-induced hypertrophic responses such as activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and induction of immediate early response genes and fetal type genes. To determine how ANP inhibits cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, we examined the mechanism of ANP-induced suppression of the MAPK activation. ANP strongly induced expression of MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) and overexpression of MKP-1 inhibited AngII- or ET-1-induced hypertrophic responses. These growth-inhibitory actions of ANP were mimicked by a cyclic GMP analog 8-bromo-cyclic GMP. Taken together, ANP directly inhibits the growth factor-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy at least partly via induction of MKP-1. Our present study suggests that the formation of cardiac hypertrophy is regulated not only by positive but by negative factors in response to hemodynamic load. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.