Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.322, No.1, 197-202, 2004
Increased cytotoxicity of soluble Fas ligand by fusing isoleucine zipper motif
Fas (CD95) ligand (FasL) has the ability to induce apoptosis in Fas-expressing glioma cells by binding to Fas. Several molecular species have been designed to be soluble Fas ligands for therapeutic purposes. We successfully constructed a chimeric soluble FasL by fusing an isoleucine zipper motif for self-oligomerization and a FLAG sequence to the extracellular domain of the human Fas ligand (FIZ-shFasL). The cytotoxic effect of FIZ-shFasL on Jurkat cells was equivalent to that of membrane-bound FasL and approximately 10-fold stronger than that of agonistic anti-Fas antibody (CH-11). Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the differential Fas expression of human brain tumor cell lines partially correlated with levels of apoptosis through FIZ-shFasL. The upper limit of FIZ-shFasL for safe systemic administration to rat is estimated as below 2 mug/ml in plasma concentration. FIZ-shFasL could be applicable as a therapeutic agent for cancer. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.