화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.322, No.1, 153-161, 2004
Single injection of naked plasmid encoding alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone protects against thioacetamide-induced acute liver failure in mice
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the propagation of acute liver injury. The aim of our study was to investigate whether gene transfer of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), a potent anti-inflammatory peptide, could prevent fulminant hepatic failure in mice. Acute liver damage was induced by intraperitoneal administration of thioacetamide. Hydrodynamics-based gene transfection with alpha-MSH expression plasmid via rapid tail vein injection was initiated 1 day prior to intoxication. The mortality in the alpha-MSH-treated mice was significantly lower compared to the vehicle group 3 days after injury. Liver histology significantly improved and TUNEL-positive hepatocytes decreased in the treated mice. The degradation of IkappaBalpha, endogenous inhibitor of nuclear factor kappaB, and upregulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase and tumor necrosis factor-alpha mRNA levels were prevented in the alpha-MSH-treated group, indicating decreased oxidative stress and inflammation. These results suggest alpha-MSH gene therapy might protect against acute hepatic necroinflammatory damage with further potential applications. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.