화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.322, No.1, 29-36, 2004
Caveolin-1 binding motif of alpha-hemolysin: its role in stability and pore formation
We have identified a nine amino sequence in alpha-hemolysin (alpha-HL) of Staphylococcus aureus, which binds Caveolin-1. Surface plasmon resonance studies clearly show a concentration dependent interaction of alpha-HL with the scaffolding domain of Caveolin-1. Mutants of alpha-HL, devoid of Caveolin-1 recognition motif, exhibit an a-HL like proteinase K digestion profile but the resultant 'half-like' domains are highly susceptible to further proteolysis. They also had the same intrinsic fluorescence emission maxima as the native alpha-HL indicating normal folding. However, these mutants bind 1-anilino-8-naphthalene sulfonic acid probably due to exposure of their hydrophobic core. Moreover, these mutants are non-lytic and do not undergo conformational changes on rabbit RBC membrane surface. Purified Caveolin-1 blocks the hemolysis of RBCs by alpha-HL. Our studies indicate that the Caveolin-1 binding motif of alpha-HL provides stability and shields the hydrophobic core of alpha-HL. The motif also acts as trigger point for initiation of conformational changes. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.