Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.315, No.4, 1033-1038, 2004
Bone morphogenetic protein receptor-II mutation Arg491Trp causes malignant phenotype of familial primary pulmonary hypertension
A four-generation pedigree of familial primary pulmonary hypertension (FPPH) with 14 alive members was collected. In the family, three of the 14 alive familial members were diagnosed as FPPH. Mutations in bone morphogenetic protein receptor-II (BMPR-II) gene were screened by using sequencing analysis. A C-to-T transition at position 1471 in exon 11 of the BMPR-II gene was identified, resulting in an Arg491Trp mutation. We confirmed segregation of the mutation within the family and excluded the presence of the mutations in a panel of 240 chromosomes from normal individuals. No mutations were found in BMPR-II gene in other 10 patients with sporadic primary pulmonary hypertension. The Arg491Trp mutation is located in the kinase domain and predicted to disturb the kinase activity of BMPR-II. Total 7 familial members died at age 8-45 years with various symptoms, indicating other genetic or environmental modifiers involved in the modification of the clinical phenotype. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.