Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.315, No.3, 538-545, 2004
Ca2+-induced activation of ATPase activity of myosin Va is accompanied with a large conformational change
We succeeded in expressing the recombinant full-length myosin Va (M5Full) and studied its regulation mechanism. The actin-activated ATPase activity of M5Full was significantly activated by Ca2+, whereas the truncated myosin Va without C-terminal globular domain is not regulated by Ca2+ and constitutively active. Sedimentation analysis showed that the sedimentation coefficient of M5Full undergoes a Ca2+-induced conformational transition from 14S to 11S. Electron microscopy revealed that at low ionic strength, M5Full showed an extended conformation in high Ca2+ while it formed a folded shape in the presence of EGTA, in which the tail domain was folded back towards the head-neck region. Furthermore, we found that the motor domain of myosin Va folds back to the neck domain in Ca2+ while the head-neck domain is more extended in EGTA. It is thought that the association of the motor domain to the neck inhibits the binding of the tail to the neck thus destabilizing a folded conformation in Ca2+. This conformational transition is closely correlated to the actin-activated ATPase activity. These results suggest that the tail and neck domain play a role in the Ca2+ dependent regulation of myosin Va. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.