Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.315, No.2, 509-516, 2004
Heme oxygenase-1 prevents superoxide anion-associated endothelial cell sloughing in diabetic rats
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) represents a key defense mechanism against oxidative injury. Hyperglycemia has been linked to increased oxidative stress, leading to endothelial dysfunction, delayed cell replication, and enhanced apoptosis. The effect of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes on HO activity, HO-1 promoter activity, superoxide anion (O-2(.-), and the number of circulating enclothelial cells was measured. The expression of HO-1/HO-2 protein was unchanged, but HO activity was decreased in aortas of diabetic rats compared with control (p < 0.05). High glucose decreased HO-1 promoter activity (p < 0.05). Hyperglycemia increased O-2(.-) and this increase was augmented with HO-1 inhibition and diminished with HO-1 upregulation (p < 0.05). Circulating endothelial cells were significantly higher in diabetic rats and were decreased or increased with administration of the HO-1 inducer (CoPP) or inhibitor (SnMP), respectively (p < 0.05). In conclusion, HO-1 upregulation in diabetic rats brings about an increase in serum bilirubin, a reduction in O-2(.-) production, and a decrease in endothelial cell sloughing. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.