Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.315, No.2, 356-362, 2004
Roles of a conserved family of adaptor proteins, Lnk, SH2-B, and APS, for mast cell development, growth, and functions: APS-deficiency causes augmented degranulation and reduced actin assembly
Lnk, SH2-B, and APS form a conserved adaptor protein family. All of those proteins are expressed in mast cells and their possible functions in signaling through c-Kit or FcepsilonRI have been speculated. To investigate roles of Lnk, SH2-B or APS in mast cells, we established IL-3-dependent mast cells from lnk(-l-), SH2-B-1-, and APS(-1-) mice. IL-3-dependent growth of those cells was comparable. Proliferation or adhesion mediated by c-Kit as well as degranulation induced by cross-linking FcepsilonRI were normal in the absence of Lnk or SH2-B. In contrast, APS-deficient mast cells showed augmented degranulation after cross-linking FcepsilonRI compared to wild-type cells, while c-Kit-mediated proliferation and adhesion were kept unaffected. APS-deficient mast cells showed reduced actin assembly at steady state, although their various intracellular responses induced by cross-linking FcepsilonRI were indistinguishable compared to wild-type cells. Our results suggest potential roles of APS in controlling actin cytoskeleton and magnitude of degranulation in mast cells. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.