Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.313, No.1, 193-204, 2004
Complestatin prevents apoptotic cell death: inhibition of a mitochondrial caspase pathway through AKT/PKB activation
Complestatin, a bicyclo hexapeptide from Streptomyces, was isolated as a possible regulator of neuronal cell death. In this study, we report an anti-apoptotic activity of complestatin and its underlying molecular mechanism. Complestatin blocked TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand)-induced apoptosis and activation of caspase-3 and -8 at micromolar concentration levels without inhibiting the catalytic activities of these caspases. Complestatin potently induced a rapid and sustained AKT/PKB activation and Bad phosphorylation, resulting in inhibition of mitochondrial cytochrome c release. These anti-apoptotic activities of complestatin were significantly abrogated in cells expressing dominant negative AKT/PKB. Taken together, our results suggest that complestatin prevents apoptotic cell death via AKT/PKB-dependent inhibition of the mitochondrial apoptosis signal pathway. The novel property of complestatin may be valuable for developing new pharmaceutical means that will control unwanted cell death. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.