Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.310, No.3, 904-909, 2003
Amyloid beta peptide (A beta 42) activates PLC-delta 1 promoter through the NF-kappa B binding site
The abnormal deposition of amyloid peptide (A) is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Phospholipase C-delta1 (PLC-delta1) is also known to abnormally accumulate in the brains of AD patients, but no report has addressed the relationship between these two events. This study investigated the effect of Abeta42 on the PLC-delta1 expression in human neuroblastoma cell lines. The PLC-delta1 mRNA level was increased by treatment with Abeta42 in a RT-PCR analysis. In the reporter assay, Abeta42 was found to activate the PLC-delta1 promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner. A novel NF-kappaB binding site in the PLC-delta1 promoter appeared to be responsible for the Abeta42 activity. First, the dominant negative forms of the NF-kappaB activating molecules, dominant negative TGF-beta activated kinase 1 (dnTAK1) and dnNIK (dominant negative NF-kappaB-inducing kinase), abolished the Abeta42 activity in the reporter assay. Second, the Abeta42 augmented a factor binding on the NF-kappaB site in the electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), which was abolished by a molar excess of the unlabeled consensus NF-kappaB oligonucleotide. These results suggest that the PLC-delta1 promoter is under the control of NF-kappaB, which mediates the expression of PLC-delta due to the Abeta42 treatment. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.