Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.310, No.3, 681-684, 2003
Cholecystokinin synthesizes and secretes leptin in isolated canine gastric chief cells
It is well recognized that a product of obese (ob) locus and body weight control hormone, leptin, acts on both short-term satiety for meal-induced termination of food intake (gastric phase) and long-term satiety for energy expenditure via the hypothalamus. The considerable sources of leptin are chief cells for gastric phase and adipocytes for the long-term satiety. The objective of this study was to demonstrate if CCK enhances leptin synthesis and secretion in isolated canine gastric chief cells. Confocal immunofluorescence studies showed that the CCK-A receptor and leptin were colocalized in the endoplasm. Western blotting demonstrated that canine chief cells expressed the leptin peptide and its protein level was enhanced by CCK treatment. An ELISA further showed that CCK dose-dependently secreted leptin from isolated canine chief cells. This was reproduced by the high-affinity CCK-A receptor agonist. CCK-OPE. These results indicate that canine chief cells synthesize and secrete leptin in response to CCK via the high-affinity state of the CCK-A receptor. (C) 2003 Published by Elsevier Inc.