Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.309, No.4, 900-905, 2003
Oxidative modulation of NF-kappa B signaling by oxidized low-density lipoprotein
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) modifies macrophage inflammatory responses in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In the present study, we focused on gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS), a rate limiting enzyme of glutathione synthesis, and examined whether inflammatory stimulation of gamma-GCS gene in macrophages by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is modified when the cells were exposed to oxLDL. We found that the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)-mediated induction of gamma-GCS by LPS (100 ng/ml) was suppressed by a 48-h pre-treatment with oxLDL (50 mug/ml), and this was due to a decrease in the DNA-binding activity of NF-kappaB. Furthermore, pre-treatment with oxLDL caused a carbonylation of NF-kappaB subunit p65. With alpha-tocopherol, the oxLDL-induced carbonylation of proteins decreased with a restoration of DNA-binding activity of NF-kappaB. Together, these indicate that oxidative modification of NF-kappaB suppresses LPS-induced expression of gamma-GCS gene in ox-LDL-treated cells, suggesting an implication of oxLDL-induced modulation of NF-kappaB signaling with atherosclerosis. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.