Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.309, No.4, 848-856, 2003
Effects of deficiencies of STAMs and Hrs, mammalian class E Vps proteins, on receptor downregulation
The STAM family proteins, STAM1 and STAM2/EAST/Hbp, are phosphotyrosine proteins that contain SH3 domains and ubiquitin-interacting motifs. Their yeast homologue, Hse1, and its binding protein, Vps27, are involved in the vacuolar membrane transport machinery. Here we show that STAM I and STAM2 are localized to the endosomal membrane. Some of these complexes contain Eps15, an endocytic protein, which accumulates in clumps upon expression of a dominant-negative form of Vps4-A, an AAA-type ATPase, that is required for normal endosome function. These results support the idea that the STAMs are mammalian vacuolar protein sorting (Vps) proteins. We also demonstrate that ligand-mediated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) degradation is partially but not completely impaired in both Hrs(-/-) and STAM1(-/-)STAM2(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Furthermore, endosome swelling is seen in both Hrs(-/-) and STAM1(-/-)STAM2(-/-) cells. These results suggest that the STAMs and Hrs play important roles in the mammalian endosomal/vacuolar protein sorting pathway. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.