화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.309, No.4, 792-797, 2003
Glucose conversion by multiple pathways in brain extract: theoretical and experimental analysis
Experimental and model studies were performed to characterize the flux of glucose metabolism and the sharing of glucose-6'-phosphate (Glu6P) by the upper parts of glycolytic and pentosephosphate pathways in the brain extract. A mathematical model based upon the kinetic equations of the individual enzymes was evaluated to fit the experimental data. Glucose is converted to glucose-6-phosphate by hexokinase that controls almost exclusively the glucose metabolism. Experiments showed that this cross-road-metabolite was shared between glycolysis and pentosephosphate pathway in the brain extract in a ratio of 1.5: 1. This ratio was favorable to the pentosephosphate pathway by the addition of high excess of exogenous glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, standardly used for the activity assay of hexokinase, but still a significant part (17 +/- 3%) of the common intermediate was converted into the direction of glycolysis. Stimulation of glucose-6-phosphate formation via moderate (30-50%) increase of hexokinase activity by adding exogenous hexokinase or tubulin resulted in the slight increase of the relative flux into direction of glycolysis. The model correctly described all of these observations. However, when the activity of hexokinase was doubled with exogenous enzyme, significantly less glucose-6-phosphate was converted into direction of glycolysis than predicted. This discrepancy shows that the system did not behave in this case as an ideal one, which could be due to the formation of distinct pools for the intermediate. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.