화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.309, No.3, 637-642, 2003
A novel disintegrin-like domain of a high molecular weight metalloprotease inhibits platelet aggregation
Disintegrin is one of the functionally distinct domains in high molecular weight metalloproteases from various snake venoms and generally has an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence that is recognized by specific cell surface integrins. A cDNA encoding the disintegrin-like domain of a snake venom metalloprotease was cloned, expressed in Pichia pastoris, and molecular function of the recombinant protein was characterized. The cDNA sequence indicated that the disintegrin-like domain contains an Asp-Glu-CysAsp (DECD) sequence in place of the RGD motif. The expressed disintegrin-like protein was designated as halydin and it was able to inhibit human platelet aggregation in a dose-dependent manner. Unlike other typical RGD-disintegrins, the recombinant non-RGD disintegrin, halydin, inhibited platelet aggregation by suppressing platelet adhesion to collagen rather than by blocking fibrinogen binding to glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa on the platelet surface. Experimental evidence suggests that halydin binds to integrin alpha2beta1 on the platelet surface. 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.