화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.307, No.4, 877-882, 2003
Identification of the carboxyl termini of porcine zona pellucida glycoproteins ZPB and ZPC
The extracellular matrix surrounding mammalian oocytes plays important roles in fertilization and is known as the zona pellucida (ZP). The ZP consists of three glycoproteins, ZPA, ZPB, and ZPC, which contain homologous regions known as ZP domains. The ZP domain is also found in many other secretory glycoproteins. Putative transmembrane domains present at the C-termini of ZP glycoprotein precursors are removed as the proteins proceed through the secretory pathway. However, the details of this processing have been unclear. In particular, the precise locations of the C-termini of mammalian zona proteins have not yet been determined. In this study, the C-terminal residues of porcine ZPB and ZPC were identified as Ala-462 and Ser-332, respectively, by mass spectrometry of C-terminal polypeptide fragments of these proteins. These results suggest that ZPB is processed at its furin consensus site, whereas ZPC is processed N-terminal to the furin consensus site. In addition, the analyses of porcine ZPB and ZPC fragments revealed that disulfide bonds within the ZP domains are divided into two groups, suggesting that the ZP domain consists of two subdomains. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.