Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.307, No.4, 861-863, 2003
Effects of hydroxystilbene derivatives on tyrosinase activity
Synthesis of melanin starts from the conversion Of L-tyrosine to 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa) and then the oxidation of L-dopa yields dopaquinone by tyrosinase. Therefore, tyrosinase inhibitors have been established as important constituents of depigmentation agents. Recently, polyhydroxystilbene compounds, which are trans-resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) analogs, have been demonstrated as potent tyrosinase inhibitors. However, their detailed inhibitory mechanisms are not clearly understood. In the present study, a variety of synthesized hydroxystilbene compounds were tested for their inhibitory effects against murine tyrosinase activity. The inhibitory potencies of the hydroxy-trans-stilbene compounds were remarkably elevated by increasing number of phenolic hydroxy substituents. Methylated hydroxy-trans-stilbene lost the inhibitory activity. Furthermore, hydrogenated hydroxystilbene or hydroxy-cis-stilbene exerted little or no inhibitory effect compared with hydroxy-trans-stilbene on tyrosinase activity. The structure-activity relationships demonstrated in the present study suggest that the phenolic hydroxy groups and trans-olefin structure of the parent stilbene skeleton contribute to the inhibitory potency of hydroxystilbene for tyrosinase activity. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.