Advanced Materials, Vol.13, No.6, 409-413, 2001
Self-assembly approaches to three-dimensional photonic crystals
A brief review of the historical development of photonic bandgap (PBG) materials is provided and the fabrication methods employed are discussed with emphasis on self-assembly processes. The factors influencing the generation of a complete bandgap, from both an experimental and a calculational standpoint are then presented and discussed. The Figure shows a diamond-like 3D periodic structure.