Applied Surface Science, Vol.253, No.10, 4688-4693, 2007
Thickness determination of molecularly thin lubricant films by angle-dependent X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
An. angle-dependent X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) method used to measure the thickness of molecularly thin lubricants was developed. The method was built based on an island model of patched overlayer on a flat substrate by using the photoemission signal solely from the lubricant film. Typical molecularly thin Zdol films on the CHx overcoat of unused commercial magnetic disks were measured to verify the metrology. The lubricant thickness determined by the metrology was equal to the recent result by thermostatic high vacuum atomic force microscopy. The measured deduction in the thickness of the molecularly thin lubricant films, successively irradiated by the monochromatic source operated at 14 kV/250 W, was as low as I A during the first irradiation hour. XPS spectra showed that no hydrocarbons, water or oxygen were adsorbed over the Zdol outer surfaces in the tested XPS conditions. The inelastic mean free path (IMFP) of C 1 s in Zdol or in CHx was found to be independent of take off angle (TOA) when TOA < 40 degrees. The IMFP of C 1 s in Zdol was similar to 63.5 angstrom and the lubricant island thickness was similar to 35 angstrom. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.