Applied Surface Science, Vol.252, No.22, 7884-7889, 2006
Effects of O-2 and H2O plasma immersion ion implantation on surface chemical composition and surface energy of poly vinyl chloride
Oxygen and water plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) was used to modify poly vinyl chloride (PVC) to enhance oxygen-containing surface functional groups for more effective grafting. The modified surfaces were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), and contact angle measurements. Our experimental results show that both oxygen and water PIII can greatly improve the O to C ratios on the surface. The optimal plasma processing conditions differ for the two treatments. The hydrophilicity and surface energy of the plasma-implanted PVC are also improved significantly. Our results indicate that O-2 and H2O PIII increase both the polar and dispersion interactions and consequently the surface energy. It can be explained by the large amount of oxygen introduced to the surface and that many C-C bonds are transformed into more polar oxygen containing functional groups. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.