Applied Surface Science, Vol.252, No.6, 2346-2354, 2006
Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy evaluation of residual stresses in 3C-SiC layer deposited on Si substrates with different crystallographic orientations
Raman scattering studies were performed on hot-wall chemical vapor deposited (heteroepitaxial) silicon carbide (SiC) films grown on Si substrates with orientations of (1 0 0), (1 1 1), (1 1 0) and (2 1 1), respectively. Raman spectra suggested that good quality cubic SiC single crystals could be obtained on the Si substrate, independent of its crystallographic orientation. Average residual stresses in the epitaxially grown 3C-SiC films were measured with the laser waist focused on the epilayer surface. Tensile and compressive residual stresses were found to be stored within the SiC film and in the Si substrate, respectively. The residual stress exhibited a marked dependence on the orientation of the substrate. The measured stresses were comparable to the thermal stress deduced from elastic deformation theory, which demonstrates that the large lattice mismatch between cubic SiC and Si is effectively relieved by initial carbonization. The confocal configuration of the optical probe enabled a stress evaluation along the cross-section of the sample, which showed maximum tensile stress magnitude at the SiC/Si interface from the SiC side, decreasing away from the interface in varied rate for different crystallographic orientations. Defocusing experiments were used to precisely characterize the geometry of the laser probe in 3C-SiC single crystal. Based on this knowledge, a theoretical convolution of the in-depth stress distribution could be obtained, which showed a satisfactory agreement with stress values obtained by experiments performed on the 3C-SiC surface. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.