Applied Surface Science, Vol.161, No.3-4, 340-346, 2000
Effect of indium tin oxide substrate roughness on the morphology, structural and optical properties of CdS thin films
Indium tin oxide (ITO) coatings of glass substrates were etched with hydrochloric acid in order to obtain different root-mean-square roughness (R-ITO) on its surface. The effect of R-ITO on the morphology, structural and optical properties of CdS films deposited was investigated. Polycrystalline cadmium sulfide thin films were deposited on ITO/glass substrates by chemical-bath deposition (CBD) at 358 K, and studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Roughness of CdS films (R-CdS) showed a nearly linear increase with R-ITO. The thickness of CdS films was investigated by Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES) and showed an increment with R-CdS. X-ray diffraction results showed that CdS films have a cubic zincblende structure with a(lll) preferred orientation. The measured residual strain of the CdS films showed an initial increse with R-ITO reaching a maximum point at 15 +/- 2 nm, and after that exhibited a decreasing dependence. The optical band gap E-o of the CdS films obtained from transmittance measurements did not depend on R-ITO.